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Nepal at a glance
Namaste! and Welcome to Nepal
Nepal at a glance
Nepal is a land- locked country nestled in the laps of the mighty Himalayan Range. Situated in the Southern Asia, the Tibetan Autonomous Region of People’s Republic of China borders Nepal in the north while Nepal shares its eastern, western and southern borders with India.

High mountain scenery, vivid culture and friendly smiling faces has captured the imagination of adventure seekers and travelers from the dawn of time.

 

Topography

Nepal is a country of great topographical diversities. The altitude in the country varies from less than 70m above sea level at kechana kalan of Jhapa to the world’s highest point  8 ,848m at the summit of Mt. Everest. This variation occurs at the distance of less than 300kms. Nepal is divided into three different regions as per altitude variations: Mountain, Hill, and Terai. There are three major river systems: Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali which all drain into the Bay of Bengal through the Ganges. Similarly, Nepal is home to little lakes of different sizes at the laps of Himalayas to the lowlands of Terai. Lake Tilicho, the lake in the highest altitude in the world is also in Nepal.

Language and Religion

Nepali is a national language of Nepal. However, people in urban areas speak and understand English quite well. People in the tourism industry also speak and understand selected international languages like Chinese,  Indian, French, Japanese, German, Spanish and others. Apart from these, there are hundreds of local dialects spoken by people from various ethnic groups. Nepal is a secular state and it respects the practice and existence of different religions within its territory. Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups: the Indo-Aryans and the Mongoloids (the Kirants). The Hindu Temples and Buddhist Shrines are scattered all over the country. Nepal is the birth place of Lord Buddha - the Herald of Peace. Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Christians and people of other religions live together here in perfect harmony.

Culture and Tradition

Home to over 60 ethnic groups and indigenous nationalities that have their distinct attire, culture, tradition and lifestyle, Nepal is a mosaic of ancient culture and tradition. These communities speak more than 100 local dialects making Nepal a country of great cultural and ethnical diversities. Renowned for their hospitality and deep rooted belief in religion, temples, monasteries and places of religious significance are found everywhere in Nepal.

Biological Diversity

Despite being a small country, Nepal has a great biological diversity. There are different national parks and conservation areas to protect bio- diversity in those areas. Nepal is home to 167species of mammals, 50 amphibian and130 reptiles, 863 birds and more than 6000 species of plants among which about 245 species of plants are only found here. A total of 118 ecosystem, 75 vegetation and 35 forest types have been identified so far. Endangered animal species like Royal Bengal Tiger, one- horned Rhinos, Red Panda and others are preserved in different protected areas of the country.

Currency & Foreign exchange

Nepali bank notes come in Rupees 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rupees 1, 2, 5, and 10 denominations. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through banks or authorized money exchangers. The receipt of such transaction is to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange foreign currency at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival too. Visitors other than Indian nationals have to make the payment in foreign currency (non- Indian currency) in hotel, trekking agencies or travel agencies and for air tickets.

Political System

Nepal has been declared as a Federal Democratic Republic by the first meeting of Constituent Assembly on May 28, 2008. Nepal practices multi- party system of democracy with President as the Head of State and the Prime Minister enjoying executive power. Though Nepal has been declared a federal republic, the demarcation of federal state is yet to be done.